Community Ecology

Selected Publications


45. Murphy, C.A., B.L. Foster, C. Gao. 2016. Temporal dynamics in rhizosphere bacterial communities of three perennial grassland species. Agronomy 6 17; doi:10.3390/agronomy6010017

44. Foster, BL.,G.R. Houseman, D.R. Hall and S.E. Hinman. 2015. Does tallgrass prairie restoration enhance the invasion resistance of post-agricultural lands? Biological Invasions 17: 3579-3590.
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43. Fraser, LH; J. Pither, A. Jentsch, M. Sternberg, M. Zobel, D. Askarizadeh, S. Bartha, C. Beierkuhnlein, J. Bennett, A. Bittel, B. Boldgiv, I. Boldrini, E. Bork, L. Brown, M. Cabido, J.F. Cahill, C.N. Carlyle, G. Campetella, S. Chelli, O. Cohen, A.M. Csergo, S. Díaz, L. Enrico, D. Ensing, A. Fidelis, J.D. Fridley, B.L. Foster, H. Garris, J. Goheen, H.A. Henry,M. Hohn, M.H. Jouri, J. Klironomos, K. Koorem, R. Lawrence-Lodge, R. Long, P. Manning, R. Mitchell, M. Moora, S. Müller, C. Nabinger, K. Naseri, G. Overbeck, T. Palmer, S. Parsons, M. Pesek, V. Pillar, R. Pringle, K. Roccaforte, A. Schmidt, Z.H. Shang, R. Stahlmann, G. Stotz, S. Sugiyama, S. Szentes, D. Thompson, R. Tungalag, S. Undrakhbold, M. van Rooyen, C. Wellstein, J.B. Wilson, T. Zupo: Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness. 2015. Science 349:302-305.
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42. Haddad, N.M., L.A. Brudvig, J. Clobert, K.F. Davies, A. Gonzalez, R.D. Holt, T.E. Lovejoy, J.O. Sexton, M.P. Austin, C.D. Collins, W.M. Cook, E.I. Damschen, R.M. Ewers, B.L. Foster, C.N. Jenkins, A.J. King, W.F. Laurance, D.J. Levey, C.R. Margules, B.A. Melbourne, A.O. Nicholls, J.L. Orrock, D.-X. Song, and J.R. Townshend. 2015. Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on Earth’s ecosystems. Science Advances 1, e1500052.
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41. Long, Q., B. L. Foster and K. Kindscher. 2014. Seed and microsite limitations mediate stochastic recruitment in a low-diversity prairie restoration. Plant Ecology 15:1287-1298.
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40. Murphy, C. A. and B. L. Foster. 2014. Soil properties and spatial processes influence bacterial metacommunities within a grassland restoration experiment. Restoration Ecology 22:685-691.
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39. Houseman, G. R., B. L. Foster and C. E. Brassil. 2014. Propagule pressure-invasibility relationships: testing the influence of soil fertility and disturbance with Lespedeza cuneata. Oecologia. 174:511-520.
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38. Wong, B. M., G. R. Houseman and B. L. Foster. 2012. Targeting Vulnerable Life-Stages of Sericea Lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) with Prescribed Burns. Invasive Plant Science & Management. 5(4):487-493.
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37. Alexander, H. M., B. L. Foster, F. Ballantyne IV, C. D. Collins, J. Antonovics, and R. D. Holt. 2012. Metapopulations and metacommunities: combining spatial and temporal perspectives in plant ecology. Journal of Ecology, 100th Anniversary Edition. 100:88-103.
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36. Dickson, T. L. and B. L. Foster. 2011. Fertilization decreases plant biodiversity even when light is not limiting. Ecology Letters 14:380-388.
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35. Questad, E. J., B. L. Foster, S. Jog, K. Kindscher, and H. Loring. 2011. Evaluating patterns of biodiversity in managed grasslands with spatial turnover metrics. Biological Conservation 144:1050-1058.
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34. Foster B. L., E. J. Questad, C. D. Collins, C. A. Murphy, T. L. Dickson and V. H. Smith. 2011. Seed availability constrains plant species sorting along a soil fertility gradient. Journal of Ecology 99:473-481.
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33. Foster B. L., I. S. Khavin, C. A. Murphy, V. H. Smith, M. E. Ramspott, K. P. Price and K. Kindscher. 2010. Integrated responses of grassland biodiversity and ecosystem properties to hay management: a field experiment. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 113:103-119.
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32. Aschenbach, T., B. L. Foster and D. W. Imm. 2009. The initial phase of a longleaf pine-wiregrass savanna restoration: species establishment and community responses. Restoration Ecology 18:762-771.
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31. Collins, C. D. and B. L. Foster. 2009. Community-level consequences of mycorrhizae depend on Phosphorus availability. Ecology 90:2567-2576.
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30. Collins, C. D., R. D. Holt and B. L. Foster. 2009. Patch size effects on plant species decline in an experimentally fragmented landscape. Ecology 90:2577-2588.
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29. Foster. B. L., K. Kindscher, G. R. Houseman and C.A. Murphy. 2009. Effects of hay management and native species sowing on grassland community structure, biomass and restoration. Ecological Applications 18:1884-1896.
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28. Foster, B. L., and C. D. Collins. 2009. Colonization of successional grassland by Ulmus rubra Muhl. in relation to landscape position, habitat productivity, and proximity to seed source. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 136:392–402.
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27. Collins, C. D., and B. L. Foster. 2008. The role of topography and soil characteristics in the relationship between species richness and primary productivity in a Kansas grassland. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 11:105-117.
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26. Dickson, T. L., and B. L. Foster. 2008. The relative importance of the species pool, productivity and disturbance in regulating grassland plant species richness: a field experiment. Journal of Ecology 96: 937-946.
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25. Questad, E. J. and B. L. Foster. 2008. Coexistence through spatio-temporal heterogeneity and species sorting in grassland plant communities. Ecology Letters 11:717–726.
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24. Foster, B. L., C.A. Murphy, K. Keller, T. Aschenbach, E. J. Questad and K. Kindscher. 2007. Restoration of prairie community structure and ecosystem function in an abandoned hayfield: a sowing experiment. Restoration Ecology 15:652-661.
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23. Questad, E. J. and B. L. Foster. 2007. Vole disturbances and plant diversity in a grassland metacommunity. Oecologia 153: 341-351.
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22. Ashworth, S. M., B. L. Foster and K. Kindscher. 2006. Relative contributions of adjacent species set and environmental conditions to plant community richness and composition in a group of created wetlands. Wetlands 26:193-204.
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21. Billings, S. A., C. M. Brewer and B. L. Foster. 2006. Incorporation of plant residues into soil organic matter fractions with grassland management practices in the North American Midwest. Ecosystems9:805-815.
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20. Jog, S., K. Kindscher, E. Questad, B. L. Foster and H. Loring. 2006. Floristic quality as an indicator of native species diversity in managed grasslands. Natural Areas Journal 26:149-167.
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19. Murphy, C. A., B. L. Foster, M. E. Ramspott and K. P. Price. 2006. Effects of cultivation history and current grassland management on soil quality in northeastern Kansas. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 61:75-84.
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18. Cook ,W. M., J. Yao, B. L. Foster, R. D. Holt  and L. B. Patrick.. 2005. Secondary succession in an experimentally fragmented landscape: community patterns across space and time. Ecology 86:1267-1279.
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17. Smith, V. H., B. L. Foster, J. P. Grover, R. D. Holt, M. A. Leibold, and F. de Noyelles. 2005. Phytoplankton species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to the world’s oceans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102:4393-4396.
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16. Foster, B. L., and T. L. Dickson. 2004. Grassland diversity and productivity: the interplay of resource availability and propagule pools. Ecology 85:1541-1547.
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15. Foster, B. L., T. L. Dickson, C. A. Murphy, I. S. Karel and V. H. Smith. 2004. Propagule pools mediate community assembly and diversity-ecosystem regulation along a grassland productivity gradient. Journal of Ecology 92: 435-449.
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14. Murphy, C. A., B. L. Foster, M. E. Ramspott and K. P. Price.  2004. Grassland management and soil bulk density. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 107:45-54.
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13. Foster, B. L. and D. Tilman. 2003. Seed limitation and the regulation of community structure in Oak Savanna grassland. Journal of Ecology 91:999-1007.
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12. Ross, A., B. L. Foster and G. Loving. 2003. Contrasting effects of plant neighbors on invading Ulmus rubra seedlings in a successional grassland. Ecoscience 10:1032-1037.
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11. Foster, B. L., V. H. Smith, T. L. Dickson and T. Hildebrand. 2002. Invasibility and compositional stability in a grassland community: relationships to diversity and extrinsic factors. Oikos 99:301-308.
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10. Foster, B. L. 2002. Competition, facilitation and the distribution of Schizachyrium scoparium along a topographic-productivity gradient. Ecoscience 9:355-363. 
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9. Cook, W. M., K. T. Lane, B. L. Foster and R. D. Holt. 2002. Island theory, matrix effects and species richness patterns in habitat fragments. Ecology Letters 5:619-623.
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8. Kincaid, P., V. H. Smith, B. L. Foster, and J. L. Madden. 2002. Effects of phosphorus and nitrogen manipulations on tallgrass prairie restoration. In: National Nursery Proceedings – 1999-2001. Dumroese, R. K., L. E. , T. D. Landis, technical coordinators. Ogden, Utah: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mt. Research Station. Proceedings RMRS-P-24:364-369.

7. Foster, B. L. 2001. Constraints on colonization and species richness along a grassland productivity gradient: the role of propagule availability.  Ecology Letters 4:530-535.
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6. Foster, B. L. 2000. Competition at the population level along a standing crop gradient: a field experiment in successional grassland. Plant Ecology 151:171-180.
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5. Foster, B. L. and D. Tilman. 2000. Dynamic and static views of succession: testing the descriptive power of the chronosequence approach. Plant Ecology 146:1-10.
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4. Foster, B. L. and K. L.  Gross. 1999. Temporal and spatial variability of woody plant establishment in Michigan old fields. American Midland Naturalist 142:229-243.
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3. Foster, B. L. 1999. Establishment, competition and the distribution of native grasses among Michigan old-fields. Journal of Ecology 87:476-489.
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2. Foster, B. L. and K. L. Gross. 1998. Species richness in a successional grassland: effects of nitrogen enrichment and plant litter. Ecology 79:2593-2602.  
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1. Foster, B. L. and K. L. Gross.  1997.  Partitioning the effects of plant biomass and litter on Andropogon gerardi in old-field vegetation. Ecology 78:2091-2104.
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